Antarctica

South Pole Weather and Meteorology

Climate Extremes and Averages

The following data has been supplied by the USAP Meteorology Section.

South Pole Station Records 1957-2001

  • Maximum Temperature -13.6 / +7.5 on December 27, 1978
  • Minimum Temperature -82.8 / -117.0 on June 23, 1982
  • Average Temperature -49.5 / -57.1
  • Peak Wind 48 kts (55 mph) from 330 degrees on August 24, 1989
  • Average Wind 10.7 kts (12.3 mph) from 020 degrees
  • Maximum Station Pressure 719.0 mbs on August 25, 1996
  • Minimum Station Pressure 641.7 mbs on July 25, 1985
  • Average Station Pressure 681.3 mbs
  • Maximum Monthly Change in the Snowstake field 3.20 inches May, 1981
  • Minimum Monthly Change in the Snowstake field -2.30 inches November, 1987
  • Average Monthly Change in Snowstake field 0.94 inches

Extreme and Average Temperatures for the South Pole
Temperature graph for South Pole

Extreme and Average Wind Speeds for the South Pole
Pressure graph for South Pole

Average Pressure
Pressure graph for South Pole

Files for monthly values

The following data has been supplied by the USAP Meteorology Section, and is averaged over all available data between January 1958 to December 2002.

Temperature and Wind
Pressure and Snow
Monthly Temperature Plots
Monthly Pressure Plots
Monthly Wind Plots

Files for day of year values

Complete file for Day of Year

January February March April
May June July August
September October November December

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