- Fiordland Crested Penguin - Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
- Erect-Crested Penguin - Eudyptes sclateri
- Snares Island Penguin - Eudyptes robustus
- Rockhopper Penguin - Eudyptes chrysocome
- Macaroni Penguin - Eudyptes chrysolophus
- Yellow-Eyed Penguin - Megadyptes antipodes
- African or Blackfoot Penguin - Spheniscus demersus
- Humboldt Penguin - Spheniscus humboldti
- Magellanic Penguin - Spheniscus magellanicus
- Galapagos Penguin - Spheniscus mendiculus
In 1577 Drake set sail for the Straits of Magellan for trade and exploration. On the 17th August 1578 they found three islands at the Straits of Magellan, one of which had many strange flightless birds which they killed many of for food. Welsh sailors aboard the Golden Hind named them pen gwyynn, meaning "white head".
The links below go to pages on individual species of penguins (as I write them), which includes photos and some information. So far I have only had a chance to do a page on Adelie Penguins, which I highly recommend. The other links are to zoos that have this type of penguin.
Don't want to go to Antarctica to see penguins? You don't have to to! Penguins range from the Galapagos Islands at the equator to the coast of Antarctica. Many types of penguins can be seen in New Zealand, Fairy penguins in Australia, Magellanic and Humbolt Penguins in southern South America, African in South Africa, and Galapagos penguins in the Galapagos Islands (of course!).
References"Seabirds - An Identification Guide" by Peter Harrison
"A History of Antarctica" by Stephan Martin
Published by State Library of New South Wales Press